World Environment Day: Theme "Beat Air Pollution", Save Environment

Image: BritishCouncil
Today is 5th of June, and the whole world celebrate this day as World Environment Day to show our responsibility towards our earth. World Environment Day was established by the UN General Assembly in 1972 on the first day of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment. Two years later in 1974 the first World Environment Day was held with the theme “ONLY ONE EARTH”.

World Environment day is not just a single day for saving the environment, it is just a message from United Nations to aware all the individuals, enterprises and community for preserving and enhancing the environment. It should be considered as “Jan Andolan”, just like in India where people make “SWACHH BHARAT ABHIYAN” a Jan Andolan.

Every year this day is organized around a theme in order to draw attention towards current environmental issues. This year, the theme is “Air Pollution”. In 1987 the idea for rotating the centre of environmental activities through selecting different host countries began. In 2018, this day was hosted by India and this year it will be hosted by China.

Air Pollution Cause and Effects

“Air Pollution” is the theme this year because it is now a global emergency affecting everyone. We should now consider how we can change our everyday lives to reduce the amount of air pollution and prevent our Earth from its drastic effect.
Nature has fixed all its biotic and abiotic components in a certain ratio. If balance gets disturbed then there will be adverse effect on our health and environment. The air all we breathe consist of many gases like oxygen, nitrogen, CO2, SO2, hydrogen and many more in a certain percentage. But due to our industrial and non-industrial activity these gases ratio affects badly that’s called air pollution. The emissions of greenhouse gasses caused the global warming and affecting the environment.
Exposure to air pollution is a well-established global health problems associated with complications with respiratory system, heart disease and asthma. According to WHO, air pollution is responsible to millions of death annually.

A study has found that traffic related air pollution, TRAP can affect the children with many problem like altering the brain chemical balance, mental disorder such as anxiety and depression.
Every year some international environmental groups (Green Peace) release the list of most polluted cities of the world. The list of 2019 consist of top 15 cities of India, out of 20 of the world. In these cities, the level of particulate matter PM2.5 and PM10 are more than WHO’s guidelines.

How to Reduce it

To live health and clean environment both can be achieved by contributing at individual level to our environment. Planting tree, use of public transport like metro, strict the emission norms for industrial plants, use of renewable source like solar in daily life that reduces our dependence on coal.
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