Huge Black Holes, Four Million Times Larger Than Sun Are Detected in Small Galaxy

Our universe is full of mysteries and surprises and when it comes to galaxies and black holes, the layers of this mystery deepen. This is the reason why astronomers are still trying to understand them. In this episode, astronomers have discovered some such small galaxies, which are home to huge black holes. The results of this research can detect strong gravitational forces in these regions of space. It is believed that this massive black hole would have formed in the early years of the universe.

The study is published in the Astrophysical Journal. According to the study, 13 huge black holes have been detected in this small galaxy, which are four million times larger than the sun. At the same time, this galaxy is 100 times smaller than our own Milky Way Milky Way. According to other researchers, including Montana State University of America, these galaxies are so far away that it will not take less than a billion years for light to reach them from Earth.

University of Montana researcher Amy Reins explained, "We hope that the study of these black holes and their galaxies will help us come to the conclusion of how similar black holes formed and evolved in the beginning of the universe." Then how did they meet each other over a period of billions of years and the Sun formed a billion or billions of times larger supermassive black holes, which we see in large galaxies today.

Scientists used the VLA Radio Astronomy Observatory located in central New Mexico to detect this black hole. Earlier in 2011, Reins and his colleagues used VLA to find the first massive black hole in the small Starbust galaxy. Scientists began to sample galaxies from the NASA-Solan map (a list of galaxies seen with a lighted telescope) after reaching a conclusion in a recent study. He selected galaxies of stars less than three billion times the weight of the Sun. He chose one of these galaxies, which appeared in the National Radio Astronomy Observatory's Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty-Centimeter survey. Then the scientists took out a high-resolution picture of the selected galaxy.

Reins explained, "New observations of the VLA show that there is solid evidence for 13 black holes in these galaxies, actively swallowing nearby objects." We were very surprised to find that in contrast to larger galaxies, nearly half of the 13 galaxies did not have black holes at their center. 'Based on the study's findings, astronomers pointed out that the galaxies must have coalesced into their early years. Reins explained, "This study teaches us that we need to broaden our scope of research for large black hole research in small galaxies." It is possible that smaller galaxies may have larger black holes. '
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